Problems and Prospect of Garments Industry in Bangladesh
The phase-out of the quota is likely to have particular significance for the export of Bangladesh apparels to the US market. MFA’s impacts are not much related to a question of our $2 billion exports to the USA; or the $5 billion worth of exports made by Bangladesh globally. Rather, it is a question of how Bangladesh’s entire economy will be affected by the issue of quota phase out. RMG exports constitute about 75% of Bangladesh’s annual export and provide direct employment to 1.5 million females and indirectly an additional 8 to 10 million people. The global clothing trade is evolving on a continuous basis and that the phase out of quota restrictions and forming of trade blocs has become a reality. Moreover Bangladesh is convulsed by fierce class struggles, centered on the country’s garment industry. Many tens of thousands of workers have gone on strike, blocked roads, attacked factories and other buildings, demonstrated, fought the police and rioted in the streets. Every day comes news of fresh strikes in a variety of industries —mainly the ready-made garment (RMG) sector, but also mill workers, river transport workers, rail workers, journalists, lecturers and teachers. The revolt began on 20 May2006 with garment workers’ strikes in the Bangladeshi capital Dhaka — beginning in a small number of factories over issues including the arrest of worker activists and non-payment of wages. By 23 May2006 this struggle had been generalized, with action at a much larger number of factories and demonstrations across the city. A massive army and police presence around garment factories, in some cases completely blockading and creating check points for entry to Export Processing Zones, temporarily calmed things; but strikes continued to take place at numerous factories, leading to solidarity strikes from nearby workplaces and semi-spontaneous demonstrations.
The tremendous success of readymade garment exports from Bangladesh over the last two decades has surpassed the most optimistic expectations. Today the apparel export sector is a multi-billion-dollar manufacturing and export industry in the country. The overall impact of the readymade garment exports is certainly one of the most significant social and economic developments in contemporary Bangladesh. With over one and a half million women workers employed in semi-skilled and skilled jobs producing clothing for exports, the development of the apparel export industry has had far-reaching implications for the society and economy of Bangladesh.
Several authors have analyzed aspects of the garment industry in Bangladesh. Of the various aspects of the industry, the problems and the working conditions of female workers have received the greatest attention. There are several studies including the Bangladesh Institute of Development Studies (BIDS) study by Salma
Chowdhury and Protima Mazumdar (1991) and the Bangladesh Unnayan Parisad (1990) study on this topic. Both of these studies use accepted survey and research methodology to analyze a wealth of data on the social and economic background, problems and prospects of female workers in the RMG sector. Professor Muzaffar Ahmad looks at the industrial organization of the sector and discusses robustness and long-term viability of apparel manufacturing in Bangladesh. Wiigton (2000) provides a good overview of this industry, especially the developments in the early years. One of the few studies on the Bangladesh apparel industry to be published in a reputed journal in the U.S. is that of Yung Whee Rhee (2003) who presents what he calls a “catalyst model” of development. The Bangladesh Planning Commission under the Trade and Industrial Policy (TIP) project also commissioned several studies on the industry. Hossain and Brar (2004) consider some labor-related issues in the garment industry. Quddus (2006) presents a profile of the apparel sector in Bangladesh and discusses some other aspects of the industry. Quddus (2006) presents results from a survey of apparel entrepreneurs and evaluates the performance of entrepreneurs and their contribution to the success of this industry. Islam and Quddus (2006) present an overall analysis of the industry to evaluate its potential as a catalyst for the development of the rest of the Bangladesh economy.
For the assessment, both primary and secondary data was collected. For this we interviewed 5 garments company through using a structured questionnaire. Personal interview technique was applied while fill up the questionnaire on respondents. The sample garments companies who are interviewed are given:
Name of the Garments Company
Millenium Garments Limited
RAHAN GARMENTS (PVT) LTD
ALAM FIBER IMPEX Ltd.
FABRICS AND COMMODITIES EXCHANGE LTD.
TOKIO MODEL LIMITED.
Garments Company of Dhaka are constitutes as the study area, because of convenience of the field work and easy communication. For the crisis condition of Bangladesh it was difficult for us to collect data form more samples. Above it, we go for different garments company and the company who intended to talk with us is taken as a sample. I tried to get rid of any kind of personal biasness and taking true information.
We analyzed the data by averaging the response of the sample. Most of the analysis and discussions of this study have been made on the basis of the information obtained from the interview with the questionnaires. Besides, observation of the interviewers has also been an important component of analysis and discussion.
Scope of the Study
This study has focused upon the various problems regarding with the garments company and the prospect of these industries. We have taken 5 garments company to gather data on the present situation of the garments industries as well as problem regarding and the future of the industries.
Limitations of the Report
Since our study is based on both primary and secondary data, there is a possibility of getting fake information. If the surveyed personnel provide us with any fabricated information about their opinion of their organization, then the report findings may be erroneous. Above all, this study is weak in some points. The notable ones are as under:
The survey was conducted in a very short time so we were not able to collect more information.
This survey made on crisis situation of Bangladesh, so it was difficult to collect more samples.
Only the big and the reputed Garments Company consider here as sample.
The questionnaire contains some questions that, if answered properly, might damage the company’s image. In this type of questions, the respondents might provide socially acceptable answers. This risk was unavoidable.
Another limitation of this study is the person’s private information were not disclosing some, data and information for obvious reasons, which could be very much useful.
Lack of experience in this field.
Lack of proper authority to conduct the interview program.
Analysis Technique & Report Writing
At first, we went to different garments company and collect information from the personnel. In preparing this report, we approached according to the following procedure:
Select the topic
Analysis and evaluation of the information
Report writing and presenting
NAME : Abu Zafour Fathers Name : M. Fazlur Rahman Mothers Name : Mrs. Kohinur Begum Date of Birth : 1st January, 1988 Nationality : Bangladeshi by birth Birth Place : Bauphal, Patuakhali Marital Status : Single Religion : Islam (Sunni) Weight : 60 Kg. Height : 5’ 4” Health : FitView all articles by Abu Zafour
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Problems and Prospect of Garments Industry in Bangladesh