Bangladesh Readymade Garments

Recommendation

 
Bangladesh economy at present is more globally integrated than at any time in the past. The MFA phase-out will lead to more efficient global realignments of the Garments and Clothing industry. The phase out was expected to have negative impact on the economy of Bangladesh. Recent data reveals that Bangladesh absorbed the shock successfully and indeed RMG exports grew significantly both in FY06 and (especially) in FY07. Due to a number of steps taken by the industry, Bangladesh still remains competitive in RMG exports even in this post phase-out period.

Our Garments Industries can improve their position in the world map by reducing the overall problems. Such as management labor conflict, proper management policy, efficiency of the manager, maintainable time schedule for the product, proper strategic plan etc.

Government also have some responsibility to improve the situation by providing- proper policy to protect the garments industries, solve the license problem, quickly loading facility in the port, providing proper environment for the work, keep the industry free from all kind of political problem and the biasness. Credit must be provided when the industry fall in need.

To be an upper position holder in the world Garments Sector there is no way except follow the above recommendations. We hope by maintaining proper management and policy strategies our country will take the apex position in future.

Suggestions Regarding Fire Safety

We need to remember that when there is a fire, the first thing one should do is to run away from it. And this is what everyone does in such a situation. But the situation become dangerous and tragic when the escape doorways and gates are found locked. Precautionary should need to be adopted are given below:

1. Building should be constructed with fire resisting materials
2. Adequate exits and proper escape routes should be designed
3. Protection against fire and smoke should be ensured
4. Electrical wiring must be properly designed, installed and maintained
5. Escape routes should be lighted at all times, kept clear, be indicated by signs
6. Regular fire drills should be held
7. Doors should be protected and should open along the direction of escape
8. Doors should not open on the steps and sufficient space should be provided.
9. Smoke/Fire alarm systems must be installed
10. adequate number of extinguishers should be provided
11. Prior relationship with local Fire services should be established

Conclusion

The Ready-Made Garments (RMG) industry occupies a unique position in the Bangladesh economy. It is the largest exporting industry in Bangladesh, which experienced phenomenal growth during the last 25 years. By taking advantage of an insulated market under the provision of Multi Fibre Agreement (MFA) of GATT, it attained a high profile in terms of foreign exchange earnings, exports, industrialization and contribution to GDP within a short span of time. The industry plays a key role in employment generation and in the provision of income to the poor. To remain competitive in the post-MFA phase, Bangladesh needs to remove all the structural impediments in the transportation facilities, telecommunication network, and power supply, management of seaport, utility services and in the law and order situation. The government and the RMG sector would have to jointly work together to maintain competitiveness in the global RMG market. Given the remarkable entrepreneurial initiatives and the dedication of its workforce, Bangladesh can look forward to advancing its share of the global RMG market.

References

Abdullah, Md. Abu Yousuf, 1997, “International Trade Implications and Future of Ready-Made Garments Sector of Bangladesh” Journal of Business Administration, Vol. 23, No. 3 & 4, Page 41-69.

Azim, M. Tahlil, and Nasir Uddin, 2003, “Challenges for Garments Sector in Bangladesh After 2004: Avenues for Survival and Growth” Bangladesh Institute of International and Strategic Studies Journal, Vol. 24, No. 1, Page 49-82.

Bhattacharya, D and M. Rahman, 1999, “Female Employment Under Export-Propelled Industrialization: Prospects for Internalizing Global Opportunities in Bangladesh's Apparel Sector”, UNRISD Occasional Paper.

Bhattacharya, D and M. Rahman, 2000, “Experience with Implementation of WTO-ATC and Implications for Bangladesh”, CPD Occasional Paper Series, Paper 7.

Bhattacharya, D, M. Rahman and A. Raihan, 2002, “Contribution of the RMG Sector to the Bangladesh Economy”, CPD Occasional Paper Series, Paper 50.

Bow, J. J, 2000, “Bangladesh’s Export Apparel Industry into the 21stCentury – the Next Challenge”, The Asia Foundation.

Centre for Policy Dialogue, 1999, “The Textile and Clothing Industry of Bangladesh: In a Changing World Economy”, CPD Dialog Report No. 18, Dhaka, Bangladesh, 2003, “Coping with Post-MFA Challenges: Strategic Responses for Bangladesh RMG Sector”, CPD Dialog Report No. 55, Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Islam, Sadequl, 2001, The Textile and Clothing Industry of Bangladesh in a Changing World Economy, CPD and The University Press Ltd.

Jahan, Sarwat, 2005, “The End of Multi-Fiber Arrangement: Challenges and Opportunities for Bangladesh”, WBI Policy Note.

Katti, Vijaya and Subir Sen, 2000, “MFA Phasing Out and Indian Textiles Industry: Selected Issues for Negotiation”, Foreign Trade Review, Vol. XXXIV No. 3 & 4, Page 102-120.

Mannur, H.G., 2000 (second revised edition), International Economics, Vikas Publishing House Pvt Ltd., India.

Mlachula, Montfort and Yongzheng Yang, 2004, “The End of Textiles Quotas: A Case Study of the Impact on Bangladesh”, IMF Working Paper WP/04/08. .   

World Trade Organization, 2006, “Trade Policy Review”, Geneva. 


QUESTIONNAIRE ON
“Problems and prospect of Garments Industry in Bangladesh and the Supportive Policy Regime/ Current Stake of Affairs”

ORGANIZATION
DESIGNATION
ADDRESS
AGE
SEX
EDUCATIONAL QUALIFICATION:
CONTRACT NO.

What type of products are produce in your industry?
…………………………………………..…………………………………………
…………………………………….………………….……………………............
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Which are the exporting markets of our country?
 ……………………………………………..………………………………………
……………………………………………..………………………………………
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What’s their desire and demand regarding the garments product of our country?
………………………………………………….………………………………....
 
What is the present export market condition in garments industry?
 
                 Very competitive
                 Competitive
                 Average
                 Low
 
 Do you have any recent plan to enhance the exporting market?
…………………………………………………………………………..…...……
…………………………………………………………………………..…...……
…………………………………………………………………………….………
 
From where you collect the raw-material of the Garment Industry?

                               External source                               Internal source
 
 
Do you face any problems in collecting raw-materials?
 
                                Yes                                                  No
 
If faced what are those?
……………………………………………………….………………………....
…………………………………………………………...……………………..
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What are the remedial measures you have taken to solve these problems?
 ………………………………………………………….………………………
………………………………………………………….………………………
………………………………………………………….……............................
 
Are there any government steps regarding these problems?
 
                                  Yes                                               No
 
What are those?
 ………………………………………………………………………...………
……………………………………………………………………...…………
……………………………………………………….......................................
 
What are the basic problems on the way of development in Garments Industries?
 
                  Recent political unrest situation
                  Red alert situation of Caretaker Garment
                  Labor unrest
                  Unskilled labor
                  Poor training and development problem
                  Lack of investment
                  Dependency on foreign market
                  Trade blocks/EU/WB
                  Poor Government policy
                  Others
 How can manager mitigate these problems?
 ……………………………………………………………….………………………
……………………………………………………………….………………………
……………………………………………………………….…..…….………….…
 
 Do you have any recent plan/strategies to develop the current situation?

                                 Yes                                                         No
 
  If yes what are those?
 
                  Search for new exporting market
                  Try to increase the area of export
                   Establish new infrastructure and conducting training and development programs
                   Utilize the cheap labor force of our country
                   Increase investment in this sector
                   Others
 
 As a manager of this origination what is your opinion on the prospects of the RGM Industry?
………………………..……………………………………………………………
…………………………………..…………………………………………………
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Signature of the interviewer
Name   :    
Roll No :   
Reg. No:
Cell No :
Date:……………………