Before going to the discussion of needed reforms in governance field according to my thought, I would focus on the criteria-wise picture of good governance in Bangladesh.

PARTICIPATION: YET TO AVAIL MUCH

Though participation is a key cornerstone of good governance, in Bangladesh participation of both men and women is not yet equal. In the UN Millennium Report 2006, the Secretary General emphasized that "better governance means greater participation. For Bangladesh participation is important for three basic reasons:

Firstly: Active participation creates an opportunity to get a better picture of the reality on the ground, which greatly helps in project design.

Secondly: Through participation a development agency can gather and knowledge on important issues.

Thirdly: It helps give a sense of ownership of the project to the community, which significantly contributes to sustainability.

It should be necessary to involve all groups of stakeholders and take into due consideration their opinions and views in all stages of project cycle from design through monitoring and evolution. In our country many development projects have been notorious for their 'top-down' approach to designing and lack of genuine willingness to involve the poor in the management of such project.

RULE OF LAW: FAR BEHIND

In Bangladesh judiciary is not free from bureaucratic dominance and corruption. It is entangled with administration. Now the reform of the judiciary is the most important point of good governance. Nowadays it is like a longstanding demand of the civil society to separate the judiciary from the administration. Judicial system must have a positive impact because it is a way by which the rule of law and justice in the society has to be ensured. If the judicial system is not transparent, it is impossible to maintain human rights, particularly those of the minorities. For maintaining good governance, the rule of law also needs an impartial and incorruptible police force what we still do not have.

TRANSPARENCY: THAT EVER REMAIN PAPERWORK

Transparency is a keyword of good governance. Both private and government sectors should be transparent, especially for those who are affected by such decision and their enforcement. Recently, an independent Anti-Corruption Commission has been introduced to prevent corruption. The commission's main target is to ensure transparency. But the commission has failed to fulfill the target because it is dependent on the government for its financial support that may put some pressure on them from the government side.

The President can appoint the head of the commission who is appropriate for it and ensure a good environment by which the commission will work independently without fear and favor. I think transparency should be in every sector of governance such as the rule of law, justice, election commission and work plan what is made by the actors of the governance.

RESPONSIVENESS: MERE VAGUE TERM FOR US

Responsiveness is one of the prime components of good governance. Nowadays it is also a prime concern of development critics, practitioners and of course the general people. Earlier it was discussed on what philosophy a state is formed and on which principle a government runs. The PSR as being representatives of the government and as being the servants of the people take oath to serve the people. This is expected not only because the people just elect or select them. The people also carry the expenses of the PSR and pay taxes beyond their salaries. So both legally and ethically they are bound to serve the people with their best effort.   

CONSENSUS ORIENTATION: RATHER A FANTASY

It is a big question, how much it is possible to arrive at a general consensus for any matter in a country, where illiteracy is widespread; public opinion is easily influenced by the social and political elite. Another big problem is the lack of proper technique and methodology to find out a general agreement.

EQUITY AND INCLUSIVENESS: MILES TO GO

The picture of governance in this criterion is more disappointing. With days passing by common people in Bangladesh are getting more and more unconcerned about state decisions and rather getting to feel themselves helpless only to accept whatever comes in their fate. So, people are becoming more and more individualized having very little care for the society in large. When this is the deep-rooted situation of us, we have miles to go to claim a level of equity and inclusiveness.

EFFECTIVENESS AND EFFICIENCY: EVER WITH A QUESTION MARK

Though in line with modern time we are getting habituated with technology widely, still we are not overcoming the age-old raggedness and inefficiency. Efficiency is not only at the apparent level of the things; it should be rather in the very act of handling the crises and managing the systems systematically.

ACCOUNTABILITY: IS IT FUTILE TERM?

If accountability is found in every sector, transparency also will work. It is very important for our country at this time. It is possible to fight against corruption by implementing a strong accountability system. It is fully helpful to reduce corruption from government bodies and it will definitely help increase economic growth and reduce poverty. The reality is very different from the above written words. In almost all organizations, accountability along the organizational hierarchy exists; although question remains about their effectiveness. However, accountability towards below hardly exists in many organizations. Unless systems are developed and put in place to ensure accountability towards below it may become difficult to achieve desired result.