Agricultural Extension System in Bangladesh

The Department of Agriculture Extension is responsible for carrying out extension services at the grassroots level under the supervision of MOA. The DAE carries its activities in the field level with the help of its different wings. DAE is mainly responsible for:

To motivate and help farmers adopt improved production practices to increase their productivity, meet national consumption requirements, maximize export and minimize import.

To provide farmers with the latest results of research and farm techniques for their socioeconomic betterment.

To help develop self reliance and cooperation by training local leadership for organized group action.

To provide channels for service and information from the MOA and its different departments to the farm people and in turn relay the problems and needs of the farmers that require national level intervention.

To provide an effective linkage between the various research institutes and the farmers so that along with the flow of technology to the farmers, the farmers level problems are also brought to the relevant research institutes for investigation and solution.

To serve as liaison agency between farmers and other organizations, both public and private concern with over-all socio economic development of rural people, including the credit giving and input supply agencies.

The contribution of extension services under the supervision of MOA are reflected in the increased use of chemical fertilizer, increased recommended soil tillage, plant protection measures, use of improved/HYV seeds, irrigation practices, seed preservation practices, post harvest handling process and compost making/green maturing, among the farmers.

Agriculture Research System in Bangladesh

The National Agricultural Research System (NARS) of Bangladesh consists of ten research institutes under the umbrella of Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC). Out of ten research institutes six belongs to Ministry of Agriculture (MOA), two to Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock (MOFL) one to Ministry of Commerce, and one to the Forest and Environment Ministry. In addition the NARS also comprises universities that have casual working relationship with BARC and other related organizations. The ten research Institutes under the NARs are:

(a)   Bangladesh Rice Research Institute (BRRI)

(b)   Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute (BARI)

(c)   Bangladesh Jute Research Institute (BJRI)

(d)   Bangladesh Institute of Nuclear Agriculture (BINA)

(e)   Bangladesh Livestock Research Institute (BLRI)

(f)   Bangladesh Fisheries Research Institute (BFRI)

(g)   Bangladesh Sugarcane Research Institute (BSRI)

(h)   Bangladesh Tea Research Institute (BTRI)

(i)   Bangladesh Forest Research Institute (BFRI)

(j)   Soil Resources Development Institute (SRDI)

The Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council (BARC) is the apex body of the NARS. The Council serves as the national coordinating organization for planning, integration, and implementation of research on crops, livestock, soil, water, crop protection, agricultural engineering, forestry, fisheries, economics and social science. BARC also identifies problem areas in agriculture and prepares national plans for agricultural research within the framework of national policies and development goals. The Council collaborates with international and national research center to ensure a rapid introduction, evaluation and use of improved agricultural technologies. BARC is responsible for planning, developing and upgrading of manpower base of the NARS.

The component research institutes have their own ordinances and separate mandates. They are governed by their separate management boards. The role of the institutes is defined by their respective ordinances. They are responsible for the task of generating research programs in their respective fields of activity. All the research institutes have their own network of regional stations, centers and sub-stations throughout the country. These stations undertake research on regional and local basis to cover the 30 agro-ecological zones of the country.