IMPACT OF SIDR

Coastal districts of Bangladesh faced heavy rainfall as an early impact of the cyclone. Dhaka and other parts of Bangladesh experienced drizzle and gusty winds. Total damages came close to $450 million. Tidal waves reaching up to a height of 3 meters (9.8 ft) were reported in the coastal areas of north Chennai in southern state of Tamil Nadu in India, triggering panic among the fishing community. The damage in Bangladesh was extensive, including tin shacks flattened, houses and schools blown away and enormous tree damage. Some local officials have described the damage as being even worse than that from the 1991 cyclone. The entire cities of Patuakhali, Barguna and Jhalokati District were hit hard by the storm surge of over 5 meters (16 ft). About a quarter of the world heritage site Sunder bans were damaged. Researchers said mangrove forest sunder bans will take at least 40 years to recover itself from this catastrophe. Much of the capital city of Dhaka was also severely affected, as electricity and water service were cut and significant damage was reported there due to winds and flooding. The local agricultural industry was also devastated, as many ricecrops - which have a December harvest - were lost. 14 At least 3,447 deaths have been reported. The hardest-hit area was Barguna, where 423 people were reported to have been killed according to local officials. Patuakhali was also hard-hit, with 385 deaths reported. Most of the deaths confirmed thus far were due to the winds, although 13 of them have been as a result of capsized boats in the Faridpur district of Bangladesh. The head of the Red Crescent in Bangladesh expects the death toll to reach as high as 10,000. Over 3,000 other fishermen were reported missing on over 500 fishing boats.

AFTERMATH

After the storm, five Bangladesh Navy ships were immediately dispatched with food, medicine, and relief supplies for the hardest-hit areas. Saudi Arabia also donated US$100 million to the relief effort as the country's largest relief sum ever. The European Commission also released €1.5 million (US$2.4 million) in emergency relief to Bangladesh. The United States, through the U.S. Agency for International Development, has pledged more than US$14.4 million in emergency assistance, including more than US$10 million in food assistance from the U.S. Food for Peace program.

The United States Navy also released over 3,500 Marines aboard USS Kearsarge and USS Wasp (located in the Gulf of Oman) and USS Tarawa (located in Hawaii) to aid in the recovery efforts. Other agencies quickly followed in providing aid. World Vision released volunteers to help house more than 20,000 people left homeless. The Red Cross also brought a significant presence, while assessments of the damage were underway. Bangladesh Red Crescent Society initially asked 400 million Bangladeshi Taka to the international community. People of the cyclone affected area are having severe health problems as diseases like diarrhea spread due to shortage of drinking water. The landfall of SIDR had followed the devastation caused by consecutive floods earlier in 2007.


Relief for the SIDR Affected People

Food and non-food items

Objective (Food)

Immediate needs for basic food rations for up to 100,000 cyclone-affected families in the south will be met by international and domestic assistance within four months following the cyclone.

Expected result

Supported cyclone affected families are able to focus on the sustainability of their livelihood.

Objective (Non-food)

Basic non-food items are distributed to 100,000 families in 13 cyclone affected districts within four months following the cyclone.

Expected result

Targeted cyclone affected families have received essential non-food items lost or destroyed during the cyclone As mentioned in the previous report, in addition to the initial nine selected districts, four more have been added for distribution of food and non-food which have been affected by the cyclone. These are the districts of Faridpur, Madaripur, Gopalganj and Shariatpur, bringing the total number of BDRCS/ International Federation assisted districts to 13 in total.

A short revision of the methodology and subsequent improvements of the distribution mechanisms accompanied the preparations for more efficient and timely pre-positioning of relief items in all 13 concerned districts by the end of February 2008. To date, 73,320 families in 13 districts have received food and non food assistance, with special emphasis given to pregnant or lactating mothers, single women-headed households, elderly people and families with fully or partially damaged houses/shelter.

1.1: Distributions of Relief Goods Among the Different District (Govt.)

District

Food Items

Non-Food Items

Bagerhat

1,500

1,500

Barguna

3,400

1,232

Pirojpur

3,700

3,432

Patuakhali

997

997

Barisal

4,325

4,532

Jholakathi

432

235

Khulna

120

120

Khulna City

1,920

1,920

Bhola

100

100

Shatkhira

100

100

Shatkhira

1,500

1,500

Madaripur

4,700

4,700

Gopalganj

2,400

2,400

Shariatpur

4,000

4,000

Total

24,437

24,437