CHAPTER – 4

KALAPARA UPAZILLA

Barisal is one of the oldest divisions of Bangladesh. This division is almost surrounded by the rivers. Megna, Kirtonkhola, Arialkha, Tatulia, Bishkhali, Kalabodor all are the rivers which are flowing over the Barisal Division. Because of the surroundings of river, here communication conditions very poor than the other division of our country.  Kalapara upazilla is one of the biggest upazilla of Patuakhali district. This upazilla surrounded by the river of Andermanik. More than 35 thousand people are living in this upazilla with its nine unions.

Economic condition of this upazilla is not satisfactory. Most of the people are living below the poverty line because of their backward inefficiency in business, agriculture, fishing and other professions.

Most of the people’s common profession is fishing. They use the traditional boat and net for fishing. Paddy is produced here as the first crop and a good number of farmers are related with this profession. The condition of business in this upazilla is relatively poor, because of the poor living conditions of the people.

After those problems, new crisis is arisen in November 15, 2007 named SIDR. It destroyed all hope and prospect of future for this upazilla to increasing their development. After SIDR most of the fishermen lost their boat and net, businessmen lost their only grocery shop, farmers lost their crops. Mostly affected union is Mithagange, Lalua, Khapra bazaar, Dhulashar, Nilgange. From all of those union Nilgange and Mithagange is most primly affected. Government and NGO have been taken some necessary steps to reduce the measurable conditions of the people as quickly as possible.

SOCIO-ECONOMIC PROFILES OF THE SIDR AFFECTED PEOPLE

The Socio-Economic Background

The socio-economic background discuss with the socio-economic conditions. Particularly in regards to age, sex, family size, occupation, monthly income and education qualification of the sampled people. These aspects have influence on changes the socio-economic conditions of the SIDR affected people. These factors bring out changes among the society’s people regarded as conditions of before SIDR and conditions of the people after SIDR. There are numerous interrelated and constituent attributes those characteristics on person and profoundly influence development of his or her behavior and personality. These interrelate and constituent attributes which are explained below—

Sex-Wise Classification of the Sample People

We made our survey over 25 SIDR affected people on Kalapara Upazilla under Patuakhali District. From this sample people, 19 people are male and the rest are female.

Table 4.1: Sex-Wise Classification of the Sample People

The sex-wise classification of these people are shown below-

Sex

No. of People

Percentage (%)

Male

19

76%

Female

6

24%

Total

25

100%

In this evident from the table that the sample is taken from 76% male and 24% female. In our survey most of people are male because it is easy to collect date form male, and female are want to avoid information. We try to collect date form such person, who are really affected by the cyclone SIDR

Age-Wise Classification

To describe the socio-economic conditions of the SIDR affected people it is necessary to describe the people as age-wise classification from whom the data are collected. The classification the sample people according to various is groups according to various age groups in important to identify the major are group that has been affected by the cyclone SIDR. In the present study, sample people were classified into 5 age group such as — from 15 years to 25 years, from 26 years to 35 years, from 36 to 45 years, from 46 years to 55 years, and above of 55years.

4.2 Table: Age-Wise Classification of the Sample People

Age Range (years)

No. of Consumer

Percentage

15 year – 25 year

09

36%

26 years – 35 year

05

20%

36 years – 45 year

06

24%

46 years – 55 year

03

12%

56 years – Above

02

8%

Total

25

100%


Classification of the Sample People According to Family Size

SIDR affected peoples are largely influence by its family size. So, it is necessary to see the effect of SIDR on affected peoples’ family size. The family size of the respondents was classified into 3 categories such as – small (2- 3 person), medium (4 – 5 person), and large (5+persons).

4.3 Table:  Classification of the Sample People According to Family Size

Family size

Range (people)

No. of Sample

Percentage

Small

2-3

6

24%

Medium

4–5

17

68%

Large

5+

2

08%

Total

25

100%

Table 1.3 shows that 24% respondents had small family size, 68% respondents had medium family size while 8% respondents had large family size. In our survey area most of the families are medium then small family due to modernization and small number are large family due to urban area.

Classification of the Sample People According to Occupation Status

A person’s occupation affects his or her choice of goods and services. The type of occupation depends on the level of education of the individual and also defines his or her social status. Occupation of the respondent who provide data are shown in given below table and graph.

4.4. Table:  Classification of the Sample People According to Occupation

 Occupation

No. of consumer

Percentage

Service

2

8%

Business

4

16%

Agriculture

3

12%

Fishing

5

20%

Other

11

44%

Total

25

100%


The sample people are divided into 5 types such as - service holder; business, Agriculture, fishing and others which are respectively 8%, 16%, 12%, 20% and 44% of total occupation mainly include student and housewife. Others column includes the student and the housewife as the occupation as a result its percentage is higher than the all others.

Classification of the Sample People According to Educational Qualification

One of the most significant parts of socio-economic conditions of the people is the educational qualification. In our surveyed people we classified them in five categories. These are illiterate, primary, secondary, higher secondary, and higher education. In our surveyed most of the people are involved in the range of secondary education, there are 36%. 28% people are qualified as primary education, 8% are illiterate, 16% are higher secondary, and 12% are involved in higher education.