Findings

1. No fatality was reported around the shelter where storm surge was not occurred. But most of the crops and a few livestock are destroyed due to excessive wind. Some houses and electric poles are destroyed by the cyclone.

2.  Many people died in shelters due to storm surge about 10 to 12 ft. height above embankment. Most of the crops and a few livestock are des0074royed due storm surge.

3.  The capacity of the shelters is inadequate.

4.  The reasons behind neglecting the cyclone warning are found as follows.

5. There was a warning of Tsunami a few days ago but no Tsunami occurred. During that warning many people went to the cyclone shelter. This false warning was stayed a longer time than it should be and it misleads people.

6. Last devastating cyclone was occurred in 1991, which was about 16 years from now. That may make people a bit lavish and neglect to take precautions.

7. Some people are afraid of steeling of their daily household goods such as bedding, cooking pots and cloths. They remain home to avoid chances of steeling.

8. There was no shelter for livestock and that makes people also resultant to leave their home.

9. The cyclone shelter was over crowded during that night and some people were not able to enter the shelter.

10. NGO and government officials and army reached immediate if the area is close to city center. In some remote areas it takes about two days due to blockage of road from fallen trees. Post relief activities were found continuing for the cyclone victims.

11. Local fisherman was reluctant to take precautions against cyclone warning. They are continuing fishing in the river until evening. Some people did not go to shelter due to fear of stealing of their daily household goods.

12. Embankments are damaged in many places. A cross dam was found failed due to excessive pressure of retained water.  The trees on the downstream side of the embankment increase velocity of the surge water and cause destruction of the embankment.

13. Field sample of salinity of water shows that it increases towards the coast. Water quality of some ponds is found not suitable for drinking.
 
Recommendations

1. More shelters at dense spatial frequency are proposed.

2. Considering the budget constraint, more shelters of smaller size will be better than less number of larger sized ones.

3. Provision for livestock in the shelter premises.

4. Better water supply and sanitation system.

5. Management of the shelter should be institutionalized during non disaster period.

6. Better system for dissemination of disaster information. Warning system should be more understandable to the people. Present system (based on signal) is designed primarily for navigation.

 
7. No plantation should be allowed on the embankment.

8. Water in the cyclone affected ponds should be purified using lime, chlorine or other water purified agents.

9. Post rehabilitation should focus on creating job opportunities and provide micro credit for housing, agriculture, livestock and fisheries.
 
Conclusion
 
Cyclone is a tropical storm or atmospheric turbulence involving circular motion of winds, occurs in Bangladesh as a natural hazard. Bangladesh is part of the humid tropics, with the Himalayas on the north and the funnel-shaped coast touching the Bay of Bengal on the south. This peculiar geography of Bangladesh brings not only the life-giving monsoons but also catastrophic cyclones, Northwesters, tornadoes and floods. Cyclones are usually formed in the deep seas and hence their study has been very difficult. Direct studies of cyclones with aircraft reconnaissance are also being carried out by advanced countries. However, only a beginning has been made in Bangladesh towards the understanding of cyclones. Both Government and the Non-government Organization try there level best in distributing the relief among the affected people. Through their unlimited effort the affected people are now seeing the dream of raise up from their miserable condition.
 
References
 
Banglapedia (2008) at http://banglapedia.search.com.bd/HT/C_0397.htm

GOB, UNDP, World Bank (1993) Multipurpose cyclone Shelter Programme. Executive Summary of Final Report.

MODIS (2008) MODIS Data products at http://lpdaac.usgs.gov/modis/dataproducts.asp#mod09 

NASA (2008) Hurricane Season 2007: SIDR (Indian) at http://www.nasa.gov/lb/mission_pages/hurricanes/archives/2007/h2007_sidr.html

NOAA (2008) NOAA Researcher’s Warning Helps Save Lives in Bangladesh at http://www.oar.noaa.gov/spotlite/2007/spot_cyclone.html

SMRC (998), The impact of tropical cyclones on the coastal regions of SAARC countries and their influence in the region, SAARC Meteorological Research Center (SMRC), 1998.

TRMM (2008) TRMM real time monitoring of tropical cyclones. at http://www.eorc.jaxa.jp/TRMM/NRTtyphoon/asia_e.htm

Wikipedia (2008) Cyclone SIDR at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cyclone_SIDR

Zafanoor (2008), BREAKING: Deadly SIDR on the Way at http://keepmehonest.wordpress.com/2007/11/13/breaking-deadly-sidr-on-the-way/