Social Development
BRAC began its social development program in 1977. It is one of our core programmes alongside microfinance, health, education and human rights and legal services.We aim to empower the poorest people by increasing their human, social and political assets so they are aware of their rights, can claim their entitlements and resist exploitation.

Polli Shomaj - ward level federations: BRAC's Polli Shomaj are ward level federations formed by members from several of our village organisations.They work at the ward level - which is an area covering eight or nine villages. They serve as forums through which poor people can work to claim their rights and entitlements. Specific activities of these associations include:
•    Dealing with social problems particularly affecting women;
•    Mobilizing government resources such as khas land (unclaimed land) and ponds for the poor;
•    Encouraging local councils to allocate resources to those in need;
•    Establishing access to existing government services, etc.

By providing them with various types of leadership training and exposure in different forums (in their own groups, in wider BRAC forums and in community forums), these women emerge as leaders within their groups and in the community in general.

Union Shomaj - union level federations: BRAC's Union Shomaj (union associations) are umbrella organisations for a number of Polli Shomaj from the same area that help poor communities lobby their Union Parishad - the equivalent of their local council - and access government resources.The objective is to increase the institutional strength of the poor by assembling a larger organisation. Activities of the Union Shomaj include:
- increasing organisational strength of the poor by bringing together a larger group of people under a single organisational umbrella;
- mobilising public resources for the poor available at the local level;
- undertaking advocacy campaigns and networking with government and other NGOs;
- stimulating local leadership among rural poor women;
- Increasing involvement of the poor in crucial local bodies such as school committees, mosque committees, and market committees etc.

Currently, there are a total of 744 Union Shomaj working across the country

Capacity Development of Local Government
Capacity development of the Union Parishads was undertaken by BRAC to help strengthen local governance for the effective delivery of public services, to promote accountability and transparency, and to increase the abilities of elected local government representatives. Piloted in 2004, the project primarily builds the capacity of women leaders in local government to make the delivery of public services more equitable, efficient and transparent. By 2007, 44% (5,968) of the total female members of the Union Parishads in the country had been provided with training and gender sensitisation in 179 sub-districts.Training has also been provided for male elected representatives.

Popular Theatre
Popular theatre is an innovative communication medium focusing on various socio-political issues that affect poor women in rural communities. The purpose of the plays is to stimulate the audience about their surroundings, create awareness and generate dialogue on various social issues. Popular theatre troupes are formed with local folk artists who work to bring out issues from within the communities in which they operate. These plays are held at regular intervals at easily accessible locations within the communities and are open to everyone.There are 400 popular theatre groups across the country that performed 34,426 shows in 2007.

Human Rights Violation Issues
Victims of events related to human rights violation such as rape, acid throwing and murder in any part of Bangladesh are provided immediate help in the form of emergency care and legal aid as well as long term rehabilitative support. These incidents are immediately reported to the BRAC head office within 24 hours to ensure coordinated support and rehabilitation assistance for the victim.

Governance and Financials 
BRAC Internal Control System is designed to get reasonable assurance about effectiveness and efficiency of operations, reliability of financial data and compliance of applicable rules, regulations and procedures. Management's integrity, attitude, actions, and ethical values help to raise consciousness control among the staff. BRAC management believes that controls are important to achieve the objectives and communicates its view to staff at all levels. Clear policies and procedures, documentation process, table of authority, segregation of staff duties, supervision and accountability have made the organization transparent. Considering the internal control a continuous process BRAC periodically reviews and modifies the system in the changing circumstances. At the top of its control mechanism, there exists the willingness of BRAC Governing Body to ensure internal control and transparency.

Governing Body
The BRAC Governing Body consists of sixteen members. They are highly distinguished professionals, activists and entrepreneurs who are elected to the Governing Body and bring their diverse skills and experience to the governance of BRAC. Four meetings of the Governing Body and an Annual General Meeting of the General Body was held in 2007.

Audit Committee
THE AUDIT COMMITTEE ASSISTS THE BRAC GOVERNING Body in reviewing the financial condition of the organisation, the effectiveness of the internal control system of the organisation, performance and findings of the internal auditors and recommends appropriate remedial action. The Audit Committee reviews the findings of the Annual Audit Report as presented by the external auditors in the Memorandum on Internal Control and Other Matters of Annual Audit of BRAC. The Committee reviews the recommendations of the auditors, the management comments and the actions taken in response to the above recommendations. The Audit Committee held four meetings in 2008.

BRAC has established an Office of the Ombudsperson with a comprehensive mandate to investigate any incident of misadministration and misuse of power within BRAC. This includes grievances such as corruption, abuse of power or discretion, negligence, oppression, nepotism, rudeness, arbitrariness, unfairness and discrimination. In November 2007, Mr.Mohammad Abu Hena was appointed for 3 years as the second Ombudsperson of BRAC. He replaced Mr. Manzoor-Ul-Karim.

Delegation of Authority
BRAC has developed clear written policies regarding the authority for each level of management and staff. The staff are empowered to take decisions at all levels. Procedure manuals and policy documents are available to all staff.