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Programs of CARE in Bangladesh as NGO
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Debashis Talapatro
I am a student of Stamford University & dept. is Finance. I like to prepare difference report & case study. 
By Debashis Talapatro
Published on 28 December 2012
 
History of CARE and Care In Bangladesh. Programs of CARE in Bangladesh as NGO.

History of CARE and Care In Bangladesh
History

CARE is one of the world's largest private humanitarian organizations. Headquartered in Atlanta, Georgia, we're part of an international confederation of 11 member organizations committed to helping communities in the developing world achieve lasting victories over poverty.

The scope of our mission has changed considerably since our founding in 1945, when 22 American organizations came together to rush lifesaving CARE Packages to survivors of World War II. Thousands of Americans, including President Harry S. Truman contributed to the effort. (Get QuickTime to watch this video of the president.) On May 11, 1946, the first 20,000 packages reached the battered port of Le Havre, France. Some 100 million more CARE Packages reached people in need during the next two decades, first in Europe and later in Asia and other parts of the developing world.

Over the years, our work has expanded as we've addressed the world's most threatening problems. In the 1950s, we expanded into emerging nations and used U.S. surplus food to feed the hungry. In the 1960s, we pioneered primary health care programs. In the 1970s, CARE responded to massive famines in Africa with both emergency relief and long-term agro forestry projects, integrating environmentally sound tree- and land-management practices with farming programs.
Today, our staff of more than 12,000 -- most of whom are citizens of the countries where we work-- help strengthen communities through an array of programs that work to create lasting solutions to root causes of poverty.

Our Name
We've always been known by the acronym "CARE," but the meaning behind the letters has changed as our mission has broadened. When we were founded in 1945, CARE stood for "Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe." Today, with projects in more than 60 countries around the world, CARE stands for "Cooperative for Assistance and Relief Everywhere, Inc."

The CARE Package
"Every CARE Package is a personal contribution to the world peace our nation seeks. It expresses America's concern and friendship in a language all peoples understand."
— President John F. Kennedy, 1962

The first CARE Packages are unloaded at Le Havre, France, on May 11, 1946.

The first CARE Packages were U.S. Army surplus "10-in-1" food parcels intended to provide one meal for 10 soldiers during the planned invasion of Japan. We obtained them at the end of World War II and began a service that let Americans send the packages to friends and families in Europe, where millions were in danger of starvation. Ten dollars bought a CARE Package and guaranteed that its addressee would receive it within four months.

When the "10-in-1" parcels ran out, we began assembling our own food packages, greatly assisted by donations from American companies. At first, senders had to designate a specific person as the recipient, but soon CARE was flooded with donations to send CARE Packages to "a hungry occupant of a thatched cottage," "a school teacher in Germany," and so on.

However, it remains a powerful symbol of the compassion and generosity of those who support our vision of a world free of poverty and suffering.

What was in the first CARE Packages?
•    one pound of beef in broth
•    one pound of steak and kidneys
•    8 ounces of liver loaf
•    8 ounces of corned beef
•    12 ounces of luncheon loaf (like Spam)
•    8 ounces of bacon
•    2 pounds of margarine
•    one pound of lard
•    one pound of fruit preserves
•    one pound of honey
•    one pound of raisins
•    one pound of chocolate
•    2 pounds of sugar
•    8 ounces of egg powder
•    2 pounds of whole-milk powder
•    2 pounds of coffee

Later CARE Packages included food for different cultural diets and non-food items such as carpentry tools, blankets, school supplies and medicine.

CARE in Bangladesh

Population:    138.4 million
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Urban Population:    26%
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Major Ethnic and Linguistic Groups:    Bengali - 98%
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Religions:    Muslim - 83% Hindu - 16%
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Population Growth Rate:    2.06%
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Life Expectancy:    61.3 years
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Infant Mortality:    66 per 1,000 live births
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Under Five Mortality:    77 per 1,000 live births
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Maternal Mortality Rate:    400 per 100,000 live births
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GNP Per Capita:    $370
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Percentage of Literate Adult Males:    54%
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Percentage of Literate Adult Females:    32%
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Percentage Population With Access to Safe Drinking Water:    97%

Country Description:
CARE has been operating in Bangladesh since 1955. Since the country became independent in 1971, CARE has had projects in housing, nutrition, irrigation, credit, health training assistance and agricultural development. Current program areas include agriculture and natural resources development, institutional strengthening, health, family planning and rural infrastructure. CARE-Bangladesh's annual programming budget is more than $35 million and has funding support from all CARE International members.

Project Name
The followings are the development projects by CARE in Bangladesh.

Environmental Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Supply in Urban Sums and Fringes (ESHWSUSF)

Promoting Rights of the Disadvantaged by preventing Violence Against Women (PROTIRODH) / Save Motherhood Promotion Project / ECSS

Flood Reduction Activities in Sunamgonj District

Competitive Literacy Initiative - Education / PCTFT

Adolescent Women’s Reproductive and Sexual Health Initiative (ARSHI)

CEPZ Corporate Pilot Project (CCPP)

Local Governance Program

HIV/AIDS Targeted Intervention / HIV Prevention & Control

SHOUHARDO

Food Security for Sustainable Household Livelihoods

Strengthening the Dairy Value Chain in Bangladesh

Learning from CARE Bangladesh's Social Development Unit (Nijera)

Food Security for Ultra Poor in the Hoar Region (FSUPH)

Building Pro-Poor, Inclusive and Gender Sensitive Local Governance in Rajshahi and Chapainowabganj districts of Bangladesh

Social and Economic Transformation of the Ultra Poor

Women in Agriculture Planning

Our Vision
We seek a world of hope, tolerance and social justice, where poverty has been overcome and people live in dignity and security. CARE International will be a global force and a partner of choice within a worldwide movement dedicated to ending poverty. We will be known everywhere for our unshakable commitment to the dignity of people.

Our Mission
Our mission is to serve individuals and families in the poorest communities in the world. Drawing strength from our global diversity, resources and experience, we promote innovative solutions and are advocates for global responsibility. We facilitate lasting change by:
•    Strengthening capacity for self-help
•    Providing economic opportunity
•    Delivering relief in emergencies
•    Influencing policy decisions at all levels
•    Addressing discrimination in all its forms

Guided by the aspirations of local communities, we pursue our mission with both excellence and compassion because the people whom we serve deserve nothing less.

Our Board of Directors
CARE's board of directors is the organization's governing body, elected by the members at an annual meeting. All members are responsible for gaining a basic understanding and initiating action in support of CARE's mission, goals and programs. This includes assisting in expanding CARE's outreach and increasing its visibility and donor support. All board members are volunteers and serve without compensation.

Our Executive Team
The board of directors appoints CARE's president, treasurer and secretary. The president appoints the rest of CARE's executive team, including the chief operating officer, general counsel and senior vice presidents of finance, IT and administration, human resources, program, and external relations.

CARE Bangladesh is a part of CARE International, one of the world's largest private international humanitarian organizations, enabling families in poor communities to improve their lives and overcome poverty.
CARE began work in Bangladesh in 1949 with the famous CARE packages that the Americans sent to survivors of World War II in Europe and Asia. The plain brown boxes holding food and other essential items were harbingers of hope.   
Today, CARE is partnering with communities, community based organizations, the Government and national NGOs to identify and confront root causes of the poverty. CARE's programs focus on agriculture, education, health, water and sanitation, nutrition, infrastructure and small enterprise development, reaching around 12 million people in 64 districts of Bangladesh.

In the fiscal year July 2004 to June 2005, the total value of our program was over US$ 28 Million. More than 95% of our expended resources support program activities, and less than 5% go toward support services or administration

Core value
CARE Bangladesh amplifies the voices of the poor and the marginalized in ways that influence public opinion, development practice, and policy at all levels. This happens as knowledge drawn from our grass roots and global experience is channeled through purposeful relationships with civil society, government, and the private sector.   
       
Respect: We affirm the dignity, potential and contribution of participants, partners, donors & staff.

Integrity: We act consistently with CARE's mission, being honest and transparent in what we do and say, and accept responsibility for our collective and individual actions.

Commitment to Service:
We work together effectively to serve the larger community.

Excellence: We constantly challenge ourselves to the highest levels of learning and performance to achieve greater impact.

Diversity: We value, respect, and fully benefit from each individual's unique qualities and abilities, in order to fulfill and strengthen our vision and mission.

CARE Bangladesh Program Milestones (1949-2005)
CARE-Bangladesh Program Milestones (1949-2005)
   
Period    Independence: Food and Emergency
     
1949    Delivered Aid packages to the East Pakistan.
   
1955    Distributed powdered Milk to Schools.
   
1962    Care opened its first office in Dhaka.
   
1962    School Midday Meal Program Fed 600,000 children daily.
   
1967    Distributed relief to flood victims and materials to build 3,000 houses.

1970    Distributed relief to Cyclone victims in the coastal areas.
 

Post-Independence: Beginning to Development


1971    Delta Housing Project trained Village Co-operatives workers to build 7,500 housing units.

1974    CARE signed Basic Operational Agreement with the Government of Bangladesh.

1974    Bangladesh's largest Integrated Food For Work Project started reconstruction/maintenance of rural earthen roads.

1976    Deep Tube well Irrigation and Credit Program started increasing agricultural productivity of the farmers owing lands near the Deep Tube wells.

1977    Kashimpur Agricultural Development project assisted disadvantaged peasant farmers to become self- sufficient by increased cash cropping of vegetables and food cropping of staples.

1979    Strengthened health care resources by tutoring rural health and family planning extension workers.
 

1980s : Many Current Programs Began

1980    Women's Development Project linked health instructions with Income Generating Activities.

1983    Rural Maintenance Program employed 61,500 destitute women to repair rural roads.

1985    Landless Owned Tube well Users' Support project trained land-less to operate Deep Tube wells.

1985    Women's Health Education project provided lessons to assist destitute women in RMP in improving their and their family's health.

1986    Training Immunizes in the Community Approach project strives to achieve universal child immunization.

1986    Local Initiatives for Farmer's Training project promoted bio-intensive homestead farming among marginal and land-less farmers.
 

1990s: Expansion & Diversification in Major Programs

1991    Delivered relief to more than a million cyclone victims in the coastal districts.

1991    Water, Sanitation and Hygiene project provided Deep/Shallow Tube wells, Ring well and Sanitary Latrine in the coastal areas.
1991 Child Health Initiatives for Lasting Development Project promoted child survival.

1991     New Options for Pest Management project helped farmers managing rice pests without using toxic chemicals.

1992    Chittagong Homestead Agro-forestry project initiated activities in Cyclone damaged areas.

1993    Integrated Rice and Fish project promoted Rice/Fish Cultivation, Dike Cropping and Integrated Pest Management in rice.

1994    Integrated Food for Development Project promoted socio-economic development in rural Bangladesh through improved access to market and services by reconstruction of rural roads.

1994    INCOME Project ensures the economic security of the participating 30 small NGOs.

1995    CAGE-Aquaculture for Greater Economic Security project Promoted cultivation of fish in cage.

1995    Stopping HIV/AIDS through Knowledge and Training Initiatives project address the growing threats of HIV/AIDS in Bangladesh.

1996    Greater Options for Local Development through Aquaculture Project promotes diversification of freshwater prawn farming systems.

1998    Water and Sanitation Partnership project changes hygiene behavior and mitigates arsenic.

1999    The Homestead Gardening projects promote the concept of homestead gardening with bio-intensive and low external input technologies.

2000    Integrated Food Security Program promotes and protects food and livelihood security of vulnerable groups in underdeveloped high-risk rural and urban areas.

2000    Polio Eradication Initiatives worked to eradicate polio from the 45 Thanas in Bangladesh.

2001    LIFE-NOPEST project works to improve the food security of food insecure households who depend primarily on agricultural production for their live hoods.

2001    CHT Children's Opportunities for Learning Enhanced Project will develop and promote a sustainable system of education in CHT communities.

2001    HIV program works to reduce the risk of transmission of STDs/HIV among high risk groups.

2001    CEPZ project started works with Chittagong Export Processing Zone workers to improve their living conditions.
   
2002: Shifting Towards Rights Based Approach

2002    RVCC project works to build local capacities to disseminate climate change information and forecasts and to extend proven grassroots techniques to include specific measures aimed at addressing impacts that will occur as a result of climate and environmental change.

2002    PHL project works to improve the quality of life through empowering community, building community's capacity to raise their voice, facilitating governance at the GOB and promoting stakeholder participation at upazila level health services facility.

2002    Manuser Jonno project is working for ensuring civil, political, economic and social rights and improving the security and well-being of poor women, men and children.

2002    Environmental, Sanitation, Hygiene and Water Supply in Urban Slums and Fringes (ESHWSUSF) Project works to reduce mortality, morbidity and malnutrition due to diarrhea and other water borne and water related diseases, among 1 million slum dwellers.

2003    Community Empowerment Project works for facilitating CHT people to build their capacity.

2004    Strengthening Household Ability to Respond to Development Opportunities (SHOUHARDO) works to sustainable reduce chronic and transitory food insecurity of 40,000 vulnerable households in 18 districts of Bangladesh by 2009.

2005    Food Security for Sustainable Household Livelihoods project will contribute to improvements in the livelihoods, especially the food security of targeted rural farm households, by increasing the ability, improving access and utilization of food by targeted household.

2005    Local Governance Program works at multiple levels to empower and strengthen the capacity of local government authorities and communities to enhance responsiveness of local institutions to the poor, especially women.

2005    Flood Risk Reduction Activities in Sunamganj District (FRRAS) project works to reduce flood risks and, thereby, achieve secured livelihood opportunities of the vulnerable and poor communities in four selected upazilas (sub-district).

2006    Adolescent's Women's Reproductive and Sexual Health Initiative (ARSHI) supported by the European Commission (EC), aims to decrease maternal mortality and morbidity of adolescent girls and women in Sunamganj district (Northwest of Bangladesh) in Sylhet division.

2006    Bangladesh Urban Development Initiative works on developing appropriate capacity for CARE Bangladesh to support co-ordinate programs to ensure both immediate needs and underlying causes of the urban poor are addressed in a sustainable way.

2006    Save Motherhood Promotion Project aims to make significant improvements in the maternal and neonatal health in the project areas.

2006    Partnership Brokering Project, supported by KATALYST Bangladesh, works to initiate partnership between private sectors and it's stakeholders, as a mean of encouraging businesses to be more socially responsible in Bangladesh.

2006    Establishing Community Support System (ECSS) project targets to reduce maternal mortality and morbidity through identifying and removing barriers, which lie between women and the EmOC (Emergency Obstetric Care) facilities? CARE Bangladesh along with the Bureau of Health Education and UNICEF has undertaken activities to establish a 30-community support group in six upazlias of six districts.

2006    Promoting Rights of the Disadvantaged by Preventing Violence Against Women (PROTIRODH) aims to reduce violence against women and reinforce the fulfillment of women's rights in four unions (lowest administrative structure) in rural Dinajpur, and among sex workers in Dhaka, Khulna, and Tangail cities in Bangladesh.

2007     Competitive Literacy Initiative (CoLI)-Education aims to provide functional literacy to the garment workers of a selected GAP factory in Bangladesh in pilot phase in order to raise their productivity and self-esteem and capacity to read and write .The pilot will benefit approximately 1,200 employees, primarily women, of the selected factory.

Programming Approach by CARE Bangladesh - SHOUHARDO ECCD
Programming Approach

Household Livelihood Security
Application of a "livelihoods" approach enables the programs within each region to identify the inter-relationships between one another, and break down the artificial, pectoral boundaries between the different interventions. In this data-driven approach, monitoring and evaluation systems pay particular attention to programmer results at the household level, as well as to unintended impact and the dimension of changes happening.

Rights Based Approaches
CARE's work focuses deliberately and explicitly on people's efforts to achieve the minimum conditions for living with dignity. We work for building internal capacity to empower people to claim and exercise their rights and fulfill their responsibilities. We recognize the poor, the displaced and victims of violence as having inherent rights essential to livelihood security - rights that are validated by international law.

Advocacy
CARE-Bangladesh is working to develop competency and build the capacity of others in the deliberate process of influencing those who make policy decisions. Our advocacy efforts will focus on policy makers and policy implementers at levels above that of the household, with the aims of addressing the root causes of poverty and discrimination and of improving the livelihoods of significant numbers of people.

Partnership
CARE believe that true partnerships are based on a shared vision regarding the objectives and purpose of the work undertaken together, along with shared contributions of resources, shared risks and shared control of program and financial information.

Capacity Building
Capacity building - the process whereby a person's, an organization's or a society's ability to achieve its purposes is enhanced - will go hand-in-hand with partnership in much of CARE's work. Although CARE often plays the role of capacity-builder, it can also be the beneficiary of capacity building provided by partners and other organizations.

Direct/Indirect Service Delivery
CARE Bangladesh will continue to implement direct delivery of services on a limited scale. This will enable us to stay rooted in field experience and avoid getting out of touch with the practical difficulties of bringing new project designs to fruition.

Gender Equity
We will work through advocacy, partnership and direct project implementation to increase awareness of gender inequities, and to change the conditions that create and maintain them in the communities we serve. Gender analysis will be integrated with all phases of the project cycle, ensuring women's participation in identifying and prioritizing problems, in project design and in project implementation


Areas of Comparative Advantage

Agriculture
Enabling disadvantaged families to grow food products that are wanted by buyers and have a good market price, thus ensuring sustainable incomes.

Health and Nutrition
Improving health through nutrition, health education, greater access to family planning, and prevention of sexually transmitted infections and HIV and AIDS.

Education
Increasing school attendance, introducing more active participation in the learning process and raising students' achievement levels, with a special focus on girls, ethnic minorities and the rural poor of the under-served areas.

Water, Sanitation and Environment
Helping communities build and maintain safer water systems and toilets; enhancing capacity to protect water resources; and educating people about good hygiene to reduce the risk of disease.

Building Infrastructure, Relief and Rehabilitation
Supporting the construction of essential infrastructure including roads and shelters, and raising the floor levels of homesteads above flood levels. Community based flood mitigation and disaster preparedness, risk management and building the mitigation skills of vulnerable households.

Early Childhood Care and Education – giving whole communities a new lease on life
Rekha Begum thinks she's 40 but is not really sure. Anyway, her age is the least of her worries – she is more concerned about where her next meal will come from, whether her home will survive the coming floods or how she and her community will save the local pre-school and bring about lasting and beneficial change.

SHOUHARDO aims to sustainably reduce the chronic and transitory food insecurity of 400,000 of Bangladesh's most vulnerable and impoverished households across four regions. SHOUHARDO addresses not only the availability, access and utilisation issues which lead to food insecurity, but also the underlying social problems, including lack of participation, injustice, and discrimination. The Program helps poor and extreme poor people to realise their full potential in leading healthy and productive lives and focuses on building the capacity of participants and communities to effectively solve their own problems with the assistance of responsive local support structures. Due for exit in 2010, the focus of SHOUHARDO is now turning to ensure the sustainability and durability of interventions beyond the life of the Program.

The SHOUHARDO ECCD component believes that giving an early start to children aged three to six provides them with the tools they require to make informed choices throughout life. Key skills in social and emotional development such as playing, singing and interacting with classmates are encouraged in ECCD classes as much as learning to read, write and count. Children attend Shishu Bikash Kendra (SBK) – Learning Through Playing - and preschool classes, taught by a volunteer recruited from the community. ECCD also works in collaboration with other empowerment focused initiatives such School Management Committees (SMC) and Empowerment, Knowledge and Transformative Action (EKATA) groups where women and adolescent girls are members, leading to a whole of community change process, of which Rekha Begum is a good example.

Rekha really feels the difference the ECCD is making in the community and knows positive change and improvement will continue as long as children are able to stay at school. 25 out of last year's 30 preschool students have enrolled in the local primary school which is just a few metres down the road from the ECCD. Five of the students were considered too young to start at the primary school and will stay at the ECCD until they are old enough. Children are happy to sit calmly and practice their reading and writing, with support from their parents."  Rekha is really happy with the impact ECCD is having and the way it works.

Solana’s Fight for Her Rights:
In the business of changing lives, one life touched is a spark of hope ignited in a hundred others. On February 22nd 2009, at a typical CARE Day in the Kishoregang Regional Office came 18 year old Sohana Islam from Baniachang Upazila under the Habiganj District. A beneficiary of the SHOUHARDO EDU collaboration program, she took time to narrate how CARE's interventions proved instrumental in changing her life from one of struggle and strife to one of freedom and socioeconomic prowess. The following, is her story.
   
In a family of six, her mother was a housewife, her elder sister was married, her younger brothers and she were in school. But fate struck a severe blow when flood waters destroyed her father's business assets one year (which year). With the only source of income now lost, Sohana and her brothers were forcibly dropped out of school. Her father tried to revive his business through a Taka 70,000 loan taken from BRAC, but the ensuing returns were poor- interest was compounding, and the family was losing sight of financial sufficiency. Eventually, to cut down on mounting living costs, Sohana's father decided to arrange for her marriage at the tender age of 16.
Fortunately, her prayers were answered when she sought help from the Economic Development Unit at CARE. She was immediately enrolled into a Karchupi group for a one and a half month long IGA training. She found herself deeply engaged in the art of Karchupi and clothing design. This part of her life, she calls, "the uprising".

The trainer happened to be a private sector buyer of Karchupi goods, who provided for all amenities pertaining to training- such as raw materials, venue rent, etc. After the training was complete, Sohana put her newly acquired skills to practice, and began earning 1500 to 2000 Taka per month under the patronage of the same buyer. During this time, she came in contact with a number of distant buyers, especially from Dhaka. Two to three months after her first income, she decided to travel to Dhaka- where she visited the Mirpur Benarasi Palli, a coveted place for designer clothing. There she met with frontline buyers, talked to them about her enterprising ability and brought in a number of designs alongside production orders. EDU was there to facilitate this linkage.

Sohana is a girl of strong character and irrepressible spirit. Like millions of other ill-fated girls in this country, she too dreamt of a better life. CARE believed in her, stood by her dreams, and provided her with the space to grow. She had the power to change her life. CARE helped her do it.

Learning through playing at ECCD
ECCD monthly parenting sessions have also contributed to these changes. Parents learn about the developmental stages of children and the importance of being involved in their kid's education. Many mothers have also gained literacy skills through SHOUHARDO's EKATA intervention, and so feel more motivated themselves to be involved in and understand the education process. Rekha also says that since SHOUHARDO, issues such as violence against women, early marriage and polygamy are spoken about openly in the community and are no longer accepted. Having married as a very young age herself, Rekha knows the importance of these shifts in attitude. "You can feel the change" Rekha explains, "mothers communicate better now – with their husbands, their children and each other".

As a leader, Rekha believes strongly in the power of participation. "Listening to and involving all the SMC members and parents at meetings is very important. People want to be heard and to be able to voice their opinions." Before SHOUHARDO, this was not always the case – the community was not united and only 'powerful' people had a say in things. Rekha says she is always sure to approach other community members when looking to solve problems as she recognises power in unity. She also listens for advice outside in the wider community and likes to know what is going on in other committees to see how these decisions might affect her. Rekha uses a holistic approach in her leadership.

Beyond ECCD, Rekha is also on the Project Implementation Committee (PIC), helps with food distribution to pregnant women and is a member of the Union Disaster Management Committee (UDMC). As a UDMC member she must attend the Union Parishad(UP) meetings once a month. This gives her the opportunity to interact with other people, exchange ideas, voice opinions and raise issues in a different forum. Before SHOUHARDO she knew about the UP and the services it offered "but I didn't give it much importance." Having new, first hand experience with the UP has allowed her to appreciate how it can be useful to the community. "SHOUHARDO and BSG have taught us who and where to go to get the right answers." The community  now has a close working relationship with the UP Chairman through initial connections made through SHOUHARDO. Rekha also feels she has gained greater mobility since SHOUHARDO – she gets around and knows more people and places than ever before. She is also known to others. But this is not enough – "I still want to play a broader role. I know where I can make more contributions and want to be involved in improving my community." She feels that people know her and are coming to rely on her for help and assistance. She wants to be able to offer this to them.

Although Rekha considers herself empowered and sees that in her community, levels of awareness and understanding about important social issues are improving - and that more children then ever before are attending primary school - she, her family and many in her community, still face the daily struggle to survive. Access to food and regular employment are still the biggest issues affecting most poor and extreme poor people in Bangladesh's char regions. This is why sustainable and long term change needs to be encouraged - and why interventions such as the ECCD – offering hope to the younger generations – are so important. "After SHOUHARDO, we will run the school on our own. We cannot let it go now – it is too important and has made too much of a difference in our lives for it to fail." The ECCD SMC is currently thinking of ways in which they can do this. All households with children currently attending the school say they will be able to contribute something, no matter how small, to keep the centre running. They are working on a savings plan and a way in which they can continue to pay the teacher her full wage. "We will take control," says Rekha.

But hopefully, just for now, Rekha and the Dalilkandi ECCD SMC won't have to go it totally alone. Once SHOUHARDO exits in late 2009, Partner Organisation GBS has made a commitment to continue their support of ECCD with the help of BRAC. GBS, who have been working in the area since 1991 supporting poor and destitute women, children, elderly and disabled people, helped establish ECCD centres in 24 SHOUHARDO target villages across the region. They admit that although 100 per cent of these schools may not survive post-SHOUHARDO, the majority will. The far reaching and positive impact that ECCD is having on whole communities means that people are willing to work hard to secure the future of their centres. Some communities have even applied for access to khas land for their schools, ensuring their children will have secure and permanent places to continue ECCD. 

Rekha's story is not just about the success of one SHOUHARDO intervention – the ECCD and the continuing success of the education of children in Dalilkandi village – it is about how such interventions lead to wider change, motivation and empowerment within whole communities. Rekha is a shining example of how CARE SHOUHARDO interventions have a wider impact on community – on all people, however old they may be. Rekha may not know how old she is exactly, but she certainly knows that she still has a lot to give. "Now we are learning by doing" she says, as the people of  Dalilkandi village work together, taking control of their own lives in the hope of a more positive future.

Activities of Care in Bangladesh
CARE Activities for Bangladesh:

CARE develops more female drivers
As a process of continued effort to improve gender equity in CARE Bangladesh's Transport Services Department (TSD), it has trained 11 more female drivers and auto-mechanics, raising their number to 25 in last three years.

A graduation ceremony for 15 apprentices that included 11 females was held at the CARE TSD office at Kawran Bazar on November 16 (Thursday). A welcome of 12 new apprentices was also held at the same occasion.

Steve Wallace, Country Director of CARE Bangladesh, welcomed the 4th batch apprentices while Hasan M. Mazumder, Deputy Country Director, handed over certificates to new graduates (3rd batch). Stav Zotalis and Andrea Rodericks, Assistant Country Directors, Md. Manzurul Haque, General Manager of TSD, Munmun Salma Chowdhury, GM HRD, among others, were present.

At the function, Steve Wallace said providing training to females on driving was a great initiative and it has changed TSD culture radically in last several years. He hoped that, in future, 1000 female-driven cars would be seen throughout Bangladesh as a result of the initiative.

Hasan M. Mazumder said CARE would try its best to accommodate newly graduated apprentices in the organization. Those who will not be accommodated will be recommended to other organizations.

CARE-PKSF to fight Monga jointly

SHOUHARDO program of CARE Bangladesh and Programmed Initiative for Monga Eradication (PRIME) of the Palli Karma Sahayak Foundation (PKSF) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) here today (24 January, 2007) with a view to fight ‘Monga' situation in Lalmonirhat district jointly.

Faheem Khan, Programme Coordinator of Strengthening Household Ability to Respond to Development Opportunities (SHOUHARDO) programme and Mosharraf Hossain Khan, Acting Managing Director, PKSF, signed the MOU on behalf of their respective organizations.

Through this partnership, to begin with, the two programmes is expected to have an impact on enhancing the livelihoods of the poor and extreme poor to fight Monga .

SHOUHARDO is USAID's largest Food Security program in Bangladesh implemented in collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh. This 113.5 million dollar programme working with 46 local NGOs, targets the poorest and the most vulnerable households, and of them, the emphasis is on the most poverty stricken areas and remote chars, haors, coast and urban slums. The program covers 493 unions, 137 urban slums of 16 Pouroshovas, 1 City Corporation and 2209 villages of 18 Districts in chars, haor and coastal regions. The SHOUHARDO programme also has a ‘Food Aid' distribution component mainly targeting pregnant and lactating mothers.

In Rangpur region, SHOUHARDO operates in 5 districts namely: Rangpur, Lalmonirhat, Nilphamari, Gaibandha and Kurigram and covers 23 Upazilas, 90 Unions and 5 Pourashavas.

PRIME started their work in Lalmonirhat district covering the poor and extreme poor households of all the villages under all the unions. It provides services like a) micro credit support throughout the year for the targeted community, b) creating wage employment opportunities during lean season, and c) building and enhancing skills and resource base of the vulnerable families for their future need.

This year, PRIME is planning to expand its coverage to other districts of greater Rangpur with an objective to create wage employment and self-employment opportunities for the Monga affected families.

CARE-NILG Sing Deal on Capacity Building of Local Government Bodies
CARE Bangladesh and National Institute of Local Government (NILG) signed a deed of agreement today (Dec 28, 2006) for strengthening capacities of local elected bodies, service providers and Pourashava and City Corporation representatives at a small ceremony at the NILG auditorium, Agargaon, Dhaka. 

Hasan M. Mazumdar, Deputy Country Director of CARE Bangladesh, and Md. Arfan Ali, Director General of the NILG signed the  agreement on behalf of respective sides.

CARE Bangladesh and Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperative (LGRD& C), under the leadership of the NILG, have initiated a one-year training program  funded by the USAID T o enhance the capacity of 11,550 representatives from 492 Union Parishads, 16 Pourashavas and 01 City Corporation within the SHOUHARDO program operation area.

The NILG, Dhaka, Bangladesh Academy for Rural Development (BARD), Comilla, Rural Development Academy (RDA), Bogra and Bangladesh Rural Development Training Institute (BRDTI), Khadim Nagar, Sylhet are arranging these intensive training programs.

At the ceremony, A.K.M Enayetullah, Director, BRDTI, Ferdous Alam, Director General RDA, Bogra, Quamrul Islam, Director General, BARD, Comilla, Farid Uddin Chowdhury, Director, NILG, Walter Shep h erd, Food for Peace Officer, USAID, Sajedul Hasan, Deputy Program Coordinator, SHOUHARDO and HK Das, National Technical Coordinator, SHOUHARDO, were also present.

CARE Staff donate one-day salary for flood victims
Staff members of CARE Bangladesh have donated their one-day salary for the flood-hit marginalized poor families living in Kurigram, Gaibandha, Bogra, Jamalpur, Sirajganj, Tangail, Sunamganj, Netrakona and Kishoreganj districts.

Around 870 CARE Bangladesh staff working in different parts of the country came up with the noble gesture to stand beside the affected people. The mobilized amount will be added to CARE's relief fund and, therefore, be distributed among the poor families.

Earlier, CARE distributed 45 metric tons of high protein biscuits (BP-5) among 42,000 families in greater Rangpur, Tangail and Sunamganj districts. With the financial assistance from USAID, it is also distributing dry food ration (rice, lentils, oil, iodized salt) among 18000 families in six stated districts.

To ensure safe drinking water in the flood affected urban areas, CARE has already set up two water treatment plants in Sirajganj and Jamalpur towns. Each of the plants has the capacity to purify 10000 liters of water.

On August 11, CARE Bangladesh Acting Country Director, Hasan Mazumdar, visited flood affected areas of Jamalpur to distribute relief packages containing rice, lentils, cooking oil and salt to the disaster affected people

CARE Bangladesh has been active in providing relief and other help to the flood affected victims.  From the very early stage of flooding, field staff of CARE and its partners started assessing situation in the affected areas. At the beginning, CARE and partners were engaged in evacuating extremely poor and vulnerable families in high flood risk areas using country boats provided either by CARE or by the partners.

So far, CARE distributed 45 MTs of high protein BP-5 biscuits gifted by the Norwegian Government. A total 42,000 families in extreme vulnerable communities in greater Rangpur, Tangail and Sunamgonj received the BP-5 biscuits.

On August 6, CARE Bangladesh attended a tele-conference with CARE International members and explained the situation and needs. A positive response has been received from the German MoFA and they are willing to support CARE relief activities with 100,000 EUR. Meanwhile, CARE Canada has also offered 15,000 Canadian Dollar for providing relief and other support to the flood affected people.              

CARE Rushes Aid to Affected Areas
CARE Bangladesh rushed support to cyclone-ravaged areas to help the affected people. In collaboration with partner NGOs -- Prodipon, SAP-Bangladesh, RIC and Coast, CARE delivered emergency food ration, plastic sheeting, candles, and plastic water containers to 5,000 families, once the storm passed. It has also provided 15 pumps to remove polluted salt water from areas where it is likely to cause contamination.

Meanwhile, CARE has sent five mobile water purification plants, each capable of producing 10,000 litres of fresh drinking water a day, to Khulna.  Five medical teams are kept on stand-by to move to affected areas to extend medial support. 

Today, (Monday) CARE Bangladesh's New Country Director, Nick Southern, visited the most affected Tafalbaria Union of Rayenda thana and Sadar union of Morelganj upazila of Bagerhat district. Others accompanying him are – Wayne Ulrich, Regional Coordinator of CARE’s International Response Team, Suman SMA Islam, Humanitarian Assistance Coordinator, Jamil Ahmed, Civil Society Outreach Coordinator and Munshi Obaidul Islam, General Manager Administration.

The team distributed relief materials among the cyclone victims in the relief camps setup by CARE partners. They also met local administration, media personnel, civil society members and NGOs with a view to achieving better coordination among relief agencies.

During the visit at Tafalbaria Union, one of the hard-to-reach areas in the district, local people demanded improvement of infrastructure. Based on the request, Nick Southern assured the villagers of taking CARE projects in this impoverished area. 
CARE provided emergency support to thousands of people during the worst part of the floods, and has been involved in helping recovery and rehabilitation efforts since then. 

Greater Participation of the Poor and Women to Strengthen Local Governance
A seminar on Local Governance: Grassroots Experiences and Perspectives' was organized by Sharique , a local governance program, at Lake Shore Hotel today ( 12 Sept, 2007 ) with the call to strengthen local governance for greater participation of and benefits to local population, particularly those who are among the weakest segments of society. .

The objective of the seminar, which was organized at the conclusion of the first year of the program's field implementation, was to focus on the grass-root experiences and diverse perspectives on local governance in rural Bangladesh, particularly in the context of the regions in which Sharique works.

At the beginning of the session, Prasanta Kumar Tripira, Coordinator of Sharique program gave an overview of the impact of the program by last one year. He mentioned that more than 5000 participants both citizen and UP representatives took part in the local governance self-assessment exercises during the period while development of 'local governance improvement plans' was executed in 35 UPs; participatory planning and budgeting held in 29 UPs and co-financing support provided to 35 UPs .

Local Government secretary noted that there are existing laws and guidelines that are meant to promote people's participation, accountability and transparency in local governance at the Union level. Problems and challenges lie at the level of operationalizing existing laws and guidelines.

Safar Raj Hossain said that the government guidelines for the use of development funds lay down clear directions for developing, implementing and monitoring projects by involving and benefiting local people, including women and the poor. In this regard, lessons learned by Sharique in trying to operationalize such guidelines should be useful for other local government actors, he said.

At the end of inaugural session, Local Government Secretary unveiled cover of four books and manuals. These are: Compendium of laws in regard to UPs; Study on the local governance situation in Rajshahi and Sunamganj; UP gender analysis guidelines for facilitators, and Local Governance Self-Assessment Guidelines for Facilitators.

MAU signed on life insurance and health coverage for sex workers
CARE Bangladesh's partner Durjoy Nari Sangha and Pragati Life Insurance Company have singed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) here today (March 18, 2007) to provide group life and health insurance support to street-based sex workers.
An agreement to this effect was signed between Durjoy, a self-help group of street-based sex workers, and the Pragati Life Insurance Company at CARE Bangladesh Headquarters in the city's Kawran Bazar area this morning. Shanaz Begum, President of Durjoy, and M. Shefaque Ahmed, Managing Director, Pragati Life Insurance Company, signed the agreement on behalf of respective sides.

Pragati Life Insurance is the first ever (life insurance) company in Bangladesh that came forward in developing a product that would meet the needs of one of the most marginalized members of our society. Under the MoU, members of the Durjoy Nari Sangha will enjoy group life insurance benefit and health coverage from Pragati Life Insurance company. At present, Durjoy has a membership of over 2500 members. It is based in Dhaka with branches in Rangpur and Khulna.

CARE Bangladesh has been working with HIV/AIDS vulnerable groups since 1995. One of the key strategies of the HIV Program is to facilitate the development of Self-Help Groups (SHGs) of communities vulnerable to HIV/AIDS and, to enable them to improve their quality of life. The program facilitated the development of a number of Self-Help Groups since its inception . Durjoy Nari Sangha is one of the main groups CARE has been working with.

Since July 2006, the HIV/ AIDS program has been making concerted efforts to strengthen the Self Help Groups through their institutional development and financial and business development services. Insurance is a key strategy for social protection and risk management for women with limited incomes who do not have the capacity to absorb shocks like sudden illness and can easily fall in to extreme poverty. The current MOU leads the way to developing affordable health and life insurance products that provide security and safety net for the self help group members.

Ms. Rukhsana Ayyub, Senior Advisor, Dr Munir Ahmed, Team Leader and Kaiser Ahmed, Project Development Officer of HIV/ AIDS Program, Asif uddin Ahmed Economic Empowerment Coordinator CARE Bangladesh and senior officials of Pragati Life Insurance Company were present at the signing ceremony.

CARE developing next stage of Bangladesh cyclone relief
With the emergency life saving phase of CARE's relief efforts in Bangladesh nearing completion, CARE is starting to shift its focus to support that will enable people to return to their villages and rebuild their lives.

In the two weeks since Cyclone SIDR, struck Bangladesh 's coast on November 15, CARE, working with local partner NGOs, has provided emergency food packages and relief materials to 37,000 families, or roughly 185,000 people.  By the time the current phase ends in early December, CARE will have supplied a total of 85,000 families, or 425,000 people.

Bangladesh authorities estimate the final casualties from the cyclone at more than 3,200 people killed, another 35,000 injured and nearly two million acres of crops destroyed. More than a million homes were damaged. 

Although substantial amounts of food are now moving into the cyclone affected area, distribution has been uneven, with some villages getting sufficient supplies, and others being bypassed.  CARE's advantage is its long-standing relationship with local NGO partners, Prodipon, South Asia Partnership, Coast Trust and Resource Integration Centre.  CARE is continuing to distribute 1,100 tons of wheat provided by USAID's SHOUHARDO program to 60,000 families in Barguna Sadar and Patharghata, two of the worst hit sub-districts, where the damage from Cyclone SIDR was nearly 100%.

CARE is also working with the Dhaka Community Hospital (DCH) to provide 25 mobile medical teams now traveling through stricken villages have provided had consultations with 17,261 patients. More than 6,000 had injuries from the storm.  In addition,  CARE has been providing safe drinking water to thousands of people with then help of four mobile treatment plants that can filter 12,000 liters of fresh water a day, each or a total of 48,000 liters.

At the same time, CARE is continuing to distribute conventional supplies. CARE just received a donation 25,000 blankets and 12,500 plastic water containers from Britain 's Department for International Development. People will also need help earning a living while they rebuild their communities. Livelihoods are an important consideration, says CARE's Nick Southern.

The second phase of CARE's relief efforts is expected to last through February, but it is now expected that the overall recovery effort will last at least a year.

A Press Release
Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation Provides $ 5.2 million for Strengthening Dairy Value Chain Project

The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation provides grant $5.2 million to CARE Bangladesh for strengthening the dairy value chain in Bangladesh to increase the productivity of small-scale dairy farmers and link them to the formal dairy market.

Bill Gates , co-chair of the foundation, announced the funds for the over four years "Strengthening Daily Value Chain (SDVC) Project" as part of a package of agricultural development grants at a press conference at the World Economic Forum at Davos, Switzerland on 25 January, 2008.

Dr Helene D. Gayle, President and CEO of CARE International, Amos Namanga Ngongi, President of the Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA), and Robert B. Zoellick , President of World Bank, among others, were present.

CARE will use the grant to provide landless and smallholder farmers with the opportunity to enhance their participation in and profit from the dairy value chain in Bangladesh, where 80 percent of the population of 147 million people lives in rural areas and cattle are an inseparable part of the farming system. Milk production remains primarily in the hands of the rural poor with households averaging two to three cows who produce more than 90 percent of the milk in the country. Their manner of production, transportation and transaction remains informal and inadequate.

This generous grant will allow us, initially, to improve the lives of 35,000 families who earn their living from dairy farming. But, ultimately, this project has the capacity to benefit 2 million households, said CARE President and CEO Dr. Helene Gayle. Through working with private and public sector partners, we will create best-practice models that address the major obstacles for small-scale dairy farmers and demonstrate environmentally-friendly practices.

The project includes establishing 21 chilling plants and house-to-house milk collection systems around which farmers will organize; improving the transportation system linking chilling plants with processing facilities; and training and hiring para-veterinarians.

CARE country offices, Donors, Annual Report, Research and survey reports
CARE country offices
Members

CARE Australia
CARE Japan
CARE Canada
CARE Nederland (Netherlands)
CARE Danmark (Denmark)
CARE Norge (Norway)
CARE Deutschland (Germany)
CARE sterreich (Austria)
CARE France
CARE UK
CARE International Secretariat
CARE USA
Raks Thai Foundation (CARE Thailand)

Donors
CARE is a development partner of the government of Bangladesh with the Ministry of Local Government, Health and Family Planning, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Home, Disaster Management Bureau and has working relations with the Ministry of Food.

The major donors are the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), and DANIDA, UK's Department for International Development, UNICEF, and UNDP, SAVE the Children (USA) and Family Health International and the European Union. We also receive fund from private donors: Timberland - a private American company.

Annual Report
In 2005, CARE managed programs in all 64 districts of Bangladesh, directly reaching over 12 million poor and vulnerable people. This work, valued at about US$ 28 million, was carried out in collaboration with the Government of Bangladesh and over 150 implementing partners. Major donors incLuded the UK Department for InternationaL Development (DFID),the United States Agency.      

for International Development (USAID), the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA), the European Commission, DANIDA, UNICEF, and the Government of BangLadesh.CARE Bangladesh currently employs 1420 staff, most of whom are based in project field offices outside of Dhaka.

The following are some examples of the results of their work from July 2004 through June 2005:
•    More than 65 thousand men and women farmers were able to market their agricultural products more effectively, in larger quantities, and with greater profits.
•    More than 52 thousand destitute women were able to earn a living wage by repairing and maintaining 655 thousand kilometers of earthen roads in 4,182 Union Parishads.
•    Over 2 million people gained practical knowledge and skills - in agriculture, small business management, Literacy and numeracy, household health and hygiene, and how to access their Legal rights and entitlements - through scores of training and capacity-building initiatives.
•    Nearly 212 thousand people were able to expand and diversify their economic activities through credit and business development services.
•    More than 512 thousand people at-risk to HIV/AIDS were able to obtain treatment for sexually transmitted diseases, access to condoms, drug-use rehabilitation assistance, and accurate information on how to protect themseLves and their partners against the virus.
•    More than 460 thousand urban and rural people obtained greater, more sustainable access to clean water, improved sanitation, latrines, and hygiene education.
•    Basic education improved in availability and quaLity for 74 thousand children, through activation of school management committees and mothers' groups, more Local government assistance to schools, more community and household interest in educating girls, and introduction of child-centered learning methodologies in the cLassroom.
•    Over 100 organizations working in the field of rights and governance received grants from the "Manusher Jonno program, enabling them to expand such activities as prevention of violence against women, improvement of access to justice, and protection of the rights of women and chiLdren, the disabled, and ethnic minorities.
These and other CARE programs implemented in 2005 are described in more detail in the following pages. They are grouped under three broad categories: Rights and Governance, Education and Health, and Partnering with the Private Sector.

Friends of CARE
An informal advisory group, Friends of CARE, has been established in 2002. This group is comprised of development professionals, business people, academics and civil society leaders. The members of the group provide advice and guidance to CARE’s efforts to fight against poverty and social injustice. Members are:

Dr. Taherunnessa Abdullah - an eminent social worker and a former minister of caretaker govt.
Dr. Wahiduddin Mahmud - Professor of Dhaka University, a former finance minister of the caretaker government and, a leading economist of the country.
Ms. Salma Khan  Women activist, coordinator of NGO Beijing Plus Five, member of CEDAW Committee of the United Nations and former chair of the CEDAW committee.
Prof. Nazrul Islam - Urban planner and a professor of Dhaka University.
Raja Debashish Ray - Chief of Chkama Circle and by profession he is a Barrister.
Dr. Ainun Nishat - Environmentalist, Country Representative of IUCN, and a professor of Bangladesh Engineering University.
Mr. Matiur Rahman - Editor of a bengali national daily Prothom Alo.
Dr. Hossain Zillur Rahman - A professor of Dhaka University, local government expert, well known for his work in the filed of Governance.
Mr. Zahin Ahmed - Executive Director, Friends of Village Development in Bangladesh (FIVDB)- a local NGO working in Sylhet. He is known for his work in the health sector.
Ms. Sultan Kamal - A human rights activist, freedom fighter and Executive Director of Ain- O -Salish Kendra.
Ms. Ayesha Khanom - Women Activist, General Secretary of Mohila Parishad- oldest women organization, working in Bangladesh.
Mr. Latifur Rahman - Reputed business person and publisher of national dailies.
Rokeya Rahman- Chair & MDARL Links Ltd.

The following research and survey reports by CARE:

01. Socioeconomic Baseline Survey of Tree Plantation Caretakers' Households- BUILD Component, IFSP, CARE Bangladesh, April 2001

02. Livelihood Assessment of Tree Caretakers of BUILD Project, IFSP, CARE Bangladesh, September 2003.

03. Socio-Economic Baseline Survey, Building Union Infrastructure for Local Development (BUILD) Component, IFSP, CARE Bangladesh.

04. Baseline Report FY 2000: Socio-Economic and Anthropometry Survey, Flood Proofing Project-IFSP, CARE Bangladesh.

05. Seasonal Survey of Flood Proofing Project : Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh, May 2002

06. Annual Seasonal Survey: 2002 Flood Proofing Project : Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh, May 18, 2003.

07.Baseline Survey of Vulnerable Households in Char and Haor Areas of Sirajgonj and Sunamgonj Districts, March 2003, Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh

08. Annual Time Series Survey: FY2002, Sample Households list, Tongi Pouroishova, SHAHAR Project, Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh

09. Report on Capacity assessment of Union Disaster Management Committee (UDMC), 2003, Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh.

10. Baseline Survey Report: Livelihood Security Analysis of Vulnerable Urban Households Jessore and Tongi Pourashavas, SHAHAR Project, Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh in collaboration with the International Food Policy Research Institute, June 2001

11. Annual Time Series Survey - 2001 a survey report, SHAHAR Project, Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh

12. Annual Time Series Survey of Vulnerable Households in Urban Areas of Jessore and Tongi, FY 2002.

13. A Comparative Economic Analysis of Transport & Freight Survey on Aggregate Sand Roads July, 2003, BUILD Project, Integrated Food Security Program, CARE Bangladesh
 
Conclusion:
CARE Bangladesh supports programs all over Bangladesh with a focus on the poorest areas and populations. CARE's program consists of 20 projects focuses on education, health, water and sanitation, nutrition, infrastructure, small enterprise development, and agriculture and natural resources reaching around eight million of people. These projects are implemented in concert with the government; community based organizations and Non-government organizations.

Using the drop-down boxes below, search for individual CARE projects by project type or key word.

References:
www.carebd.com
www.NGOs.com
www.researchgate.net
www.books.google.com.bd
Annual Report of CARE Bangladesh
Bangladesh NGO Burro & Statistics
Research Project of Care Bangladesh