5.2.2 Training and Development program of SQUARE textile

Training is a process of learning a sequence of programmed behavior. it is application of knowledge. It gives people an awareness of the rules procedures to guide their behavior. It attempts to improve their performance on the current job or prepare them for an intended job.

Development is a related process. It covers not only those activities which improve job performance but also those which bring growth of the personality; help individuals to the progress towards maturity and actualization of their potential capacities so that they become not only good employees but better men and women. In organizational terms, it is intended to equip person to earn promotion and hold grater responsibility.


There are many types of method practices in SQUARE .we discuss that method at bellow:

On the job training

On the job training is a training that shows the employee how to perform the job and allows him or her to do it under the trainer’s supervision

On the job training is normally given by a senior employee or a manager like senior merchandiser or a manager. The employee is shown how to perform the job and allowed to do it under the trainer’s supervision.


Job rotation

Job rotation is a training that requires an individual to learn several different some in a work unit or department and performer each job for a specified time period.

In job rotation, individuals learn several different job within a work unit or department. One main advantages of job rotation is that it makes flexibilities possible in the department. When one employee like junior merchandiser absence another merchandiser can easily perform the job.


Apprenticeship training

Apprenticeship training provides beginning worker with comprehensive training in the practical and theoretical expect of work required in a highly skilled occupation. Apprenticeship program combined of the job and classroom training to prepare worker for more than eight hundred occupation such as computer operator, sewing technician.


Length of selected apprenticeship courses of SQUARE

Occupation                                    length (months)

1. Quality control manager                    13

2. Quality control officer                      15

3. Cutting Astt. Manager                        7

4. Packing Astt. Manager                      7

5. Ware house Astt. Manager                5

6. Production officer                             3

7. Sewing technician                              5

8. Sewing Supervisor                            5


Classroom training

Classroom training is conducted off the job and probably the most familiar training method .It is an effective means of imparting information quickly to large groups with limited or no knowledge of subject being presented. It is useful for teaching factual material, concepts principle other theories .portion of orientation programs, some expects of apprenticeship training and safety programs are usually presented utilizing some form of classroom instruction. More frequently however, classroom instruction is used for technical, professional and managerial employee


Development of the human resources

The long term development of human resources as distinct from training for a specific job is of growing concern to HR departments of SQUARE .Throw the development of current employees the department reduces the company’s dependents on haring new workers .if employees are developed properly the job openings found throw HR planning are more likely to be filled internally promotions and transfers also show employees that they have a career not just a job. The employee benefits from increased continuity in operations and from employees who fail a greater commitment.

HR department is also an effective way to meets several challenges including employee obsolescence, international and domestic diversity, technical challenges. Affirmative action and employee turn over. By meeting these challenges the department can, maintain an effective workforce.


Steps in the Evaluation of training and development

Evaluation criteria > pretest > trained or developed-

workers > posttest > transfer to the job > follow-up studies.